Following the takeover of Gaza by Hamas, the territory has been subjected to a blockade, maintained by Israel and Egypt,  with Israel arguing that it is necessary to impede Hamas from rearming and to restrict Palestinian rocket attacks and Egypt preventing Gaza residents from entering Egypt.
Infollowing reconciliation talksHamas and Fatah formed a Palestinian unity government within the West Bank and Gaza. Both the Israeli Navy and Egypt enforce the blockade, which continues currently and has limited many aspects of life in Gaza, especially, according to Human Rights Watch, the movement of people and commerce, with exports being most affected. Israel largely provides for Gaza's water supply, electricity, and communications infrastructure. Used in West Bank since An initial deal was reached in but did not bring about much change.