Beyond parental control and authoritarian parenting style: In step 3, we added several parental acculturation variables. Lawrence Earlbaum Associates; Mahwah: Psychology Press; New York: Mothers reported higher rates than fathers in Korean traditional parent virtues, parental warmth, acceptance, monitoring, and parent-child communication, as well as Korean traditional disciplinary practices.
Parental monitoring A total of eight items were adopted from several sources to cover a range of monitoring behaviors of parents.
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The associations between Korean and Western parenting show great similarity across mothers and fathers. First, the associations were tested using participants' self-reports and self-assessments of their parenting behaviors. Wretched boy's bottom spanked with the cane. Harkness S, Super CM. Development of a new measure.